BCC Regime Type Covert Action Democracies and Authoritarian States

 BCC Regime Type Covert Action Democracies and Authoritarian States

As Americans vote in the 2020 election, the intelligence community has found evidence of Russian and Iranian interference Link (Links to an external site.) However, for many decades, the U.S. government also has used covert action, at times in the elections of other countries, to promote U.S. national interests Link (Links to an external site.). According to Shulsky and Schmitt, unlike intelligence gathering the purpose of covert action “is not knowledge but is instead the direct furthering of national foreign policy objectives.” (Shulsky and Schmitt 2002, 76. After reading Chapter Four of Silent Warfare and the articles (Shane, New York Times, 2018) and (Clayton, BBC, 2020) do you agree or disagree with Shane’s argument about the difference between covert actions by democracies such as the U.S. and authoritarian countries like Russia and Iran?

Your response should be 300 words and refer to the sources in the question. For full credit please respond to a classmate and format the sources as noted in the question.