Discussion questions: 1- Please review the two short articles below? Do you agree with the policy positions stated? Explain. https://www.latimes.com/opinion/story/2019-11-12/daca-supreme-court-tru mp-dreamers https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/building-the-wall-wouldbe-so-worth-it/2018/01/09/ff603f42-f562-11e7-a9e3-ab18ce41436a _story.html 2- Many think Donald Trump rode the immigration issue to the White House. What is your reaction to Trump’s immigration rhetoric in the three videos? And even if you do not like it, why do you think it may have been such a successful campaign issue for him? 3- Most of our discussion is about why we do not have more gun control. But the key policy debate is whether or not it would actually would work to reduce the incidence of gun violence in the U.S. Looking at this short article, assess whether you think gun control would actually work to curb gun violence. This author does not think it would do much, do you agree with the author that most gun control measures would not really work? Explain. https://time.com/4100408/a-criminologists-case-against-gun-control/ 4- There are drastically different rates of gun ownership by state. Alaska is over 60 % and Rhode Island is under 6. Looking at this map of the U.S., list three observations you have about rates of gun ownership in the U.S. Today’s Agenda Section 8. The U.S. Government in Action The policy making process ! 48. Why don’t we pass more gun control legislation? ! 49. Why is immigration such a hot-button issue? ! Finals Study Guide . . . Intro remarks 48. Why don’t we pass more gun control legislation? Gun deaths by comparison . . . Access is easy . . . ! https://www.cheaperthandirt.com/ firearms/tactical/ar-15-rifles/ Big differences in gun culture by state Discussion Question 1 – do you see any pattern in high, medium and low gun ownership states – go to Brightspace Coverage of mass shootings is what has really raised the gun control issue . . . Public opinion on guns . . . Policy Proposals on guns The policy debate over guns. ! Ban Assault Rifles ! Ban Large magazines – no more than 10 rounds in a gun ! Ban “bump stocks” ! Mandatory background checks for all gun sales ! Increase the length of waiting periods to buy guns ! Increase the number of categories of people prohibited from getting guns (i.e., mental health issues, police tagging, etc. ! Put serial numbers on bullets so they could be traced to the buyer ! Others . . . . So why no action on guns? ! Serious philosophical divide over citizen rights and the meaning of the 2nd amendment. ! A powerful and focused interest group with no opposing rival. Why no action? A divide and broad acceptance of the 2nd Amendment Some gun control yes, but not too much. Support for the NRA. They grade all politicians – here are the grades of U.S. senators in 2016 NRA give grades too Why has the NRA been so powerful? Key Terms: Why does a minority beat a majority? ! Collective Action Dilemma ! Free – Rider Problem ! Crux: more committed and focused interests are groups are more successful ! See reading for today: https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/ 2015/10/19/taking-on-the-n-r-a But would gun control even work? ! Read or reread these two short articles for today: !https://time.com/4100408/a-criminologists-case-against-gun-control/ !https://www.thoughtco.com/liberal-arguments-for-gun-control-3325528 Discussion Question 2 – post response on Brightspace Sum up ! Why no gun control . . . ? ! – History of guns and the 2nd amendment make reform difficult. ! – General desire for more limits on guns by the public. ! – But these limits are beaten back by a very powerful, focused and successful special interest. 49. Why is immigration such a hot-button issue? President Trump ran on this issue, and many analysts attribute his victory to this approach ! Trump on immigration: ! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYVtB-33aNg (announcing his candidacy) ! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pLMlCMbhNdk (accepting the nomination of the Republican Party) ! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UqQXp1PnvsU (campaign speech on immigration) View these three short videos and then answer discussion question 3 on Brightspace Launching President Trump to the White House? Family separation policy at the border has gotten a lot of attention How some see immigration policy. High-Profile cases of crimes committed by people in the country illegally fuel much of the opposition to immigration How the other side sees it. Recent History of Immigration Policy – – – U.S. history of immigrants – part of the American Dream Lore of the Statue of Liberty 1986 – Reagan signs Immigration Reform and Control Act Control Act (Amnesty and Border Security together) 2006 – President Bush tries and fails to reform immigration 2010-2016 – President Obama tries and fails to reform immigration 2017 – Trump becomes President on Immigration Platform Recent history of immigration reform Key terms and policy issues in the debate over immigration. ! Legal immigration Key Distinction in the law: ! Illegal immigration Key distinction in the debate Policy Debates: ! Improve border security on the Southern Border – build a wall ! “pathway to citizenship” – create a process for people not in the country legally to gain legal status ! Sanctuary cities ! Border Separations – see article on Trump policies ! Dreamers and DACA Topics of the main policy debate. Discussion Question 4 – post to Brightspace requires a response to these articles: https:// www.latimes.com/opinion/story/2019-11-12/daca-supreme-court-trump-dreamers and https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/building-the-wall-would-be-so-worth-it/2018/01/09/ff603f42f562-11e7-a9e3-ab18ce41436a_story.html Why such a hot button issue? Security ! Economics ! Racism ! Other . . . ! Take a look at the range of public opinion attitudes on immigration questions: http://pollingreport.com/immigration.htm ! A complex issue. Sum up . . .Why such a hot button issue? ! Because no action has been taken in over three decades so the perceived problems appear unsolved. ! Immigration issues touches on questions of security and race. ! Some deep divisions among the electorate on which policies to pursue. Final Exam ! Sent you the study guide Two parts Time set by registrar ! Any questions? ! Assignment: Email me any questions you have about the final. ! ! Next Class Concluding remarks. ! 50. Will the fight against terrorism go on forever? ! 51. What tools does the government have to stop the spread of nuclear weapons? ! Textbook, Chapter 14 on Brightspace …
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