Encourage the effective contribution of other members of the class… 1 answer below »

all questions and requirements in file attached.. Need in total words about400 words divided in to questions (1) 200 words and question (2) 200 words. Answer these two questions in separate with deep writing and deep descriptions and more details.. no plagiarism at all.
Reply to these 2 essay in separate and separate references for each one helping student in his proposal dissertation. Please provide this student some help.
Dear expert please read an essay bellow and do the following :-
The participation component will assess your contribution to the class Discussions in a particular week. Specifically, it will assess the extent to which you: Contribute original views Build creatively on the views of others Show intelligent critique of theory or practice Add an international or cultural aspect to the class Show originality in the application of theory Clarify the theory being studied Encourage the effective contribution of other members of the class
Essay number1 need about 200 words reply to this essay helping student in his proposal dissertation. Please provide this student some help.
Aim, objectives and feasibility of the dissertation
1.1Research Background/Context
Virtual teams have been shown to provide a wealth of financial and economic benefits (Furst et al., 1999) and can be used to provide a competitive advantage to organizations that implement them successfully.
Virtual teams comprise of specialized human resources who are geographically dispersed, but who collaborate through technology based media in order to accomplish a common goal (Kirkman et al., 2002). The use of virtual teams therefore represents a variation of the traditional method of face to face project delivery, and although its use is increasing in popularity, it is not without its flaws. Apart from the traditional challenges met by collocated teams, such as those described during the ‘storming’ phase (Tuckman,1965), virtual teams inherently introduce new obstacles; and as such, risks of catastrophe in the virtual team environment is often led by the difficulties in coordinating dispersed asynchronously operating teams (Espinosa et al., 2007) and sub-teams, and building a communicative environment when no face to face contact may ever occur.
The researcher’s environment is within the telecommunications sector and is described as an environment which is highly competitive (Fernández & Usero, 2009). Telecommunication vendors (e.g. Ericsson, Huawei) provide technical solutions in the form of projects, to telecommunication operators (e.g. Vodafone, MTN), who themselvesdeliver services to their customers (i.e. cell phone users). These projects are characterized as having short lead times with concrete deadlines and targets, and projects must therefore be delivered quickly, while maintaining quality and smooth deployment of solutions, so that unplanned service outages can be avoided.
Such scenarios have therefore forced both telecommunication vendors and telecommunication operators to turn to virtual teams, since it offers increased levels of flexibility and adaptability and thus increased responsiveness, towards a cost effective service delivery.
The challenge of virtual teams within the telecommunications sector in particular, is that the elements of trust, socialization, and team cohesion (Kayworth & Leidner, 2000), must be developed rapidly between team members. Furthermore, the project manager must be able to control and coordinate project activities in order to maintain team momentum in order to ensure the project is delivered according to stakeholder expectation.
Understandably, the work of Kayworth & Leidner (2000) points to a connection between virtual team performance and effective team leadership. Therefore the increased adoption of virtual team project delivery within the telecommunication industry requires a corresponding understanding of the new leadership environment and hence adaptions of the project manager’s leadership style, in order to engender accelerated virtual team development.
1.2Research Aims and Objectives
While acknowledging that virtual team development and performance is influenced by the technological infrastructure available, as well as the social dynamics between individual team members, the main aim of this thesis is to explore the leadership factors which influence virtual team development within the telecommunication industry, in order to produce guidelines that can be used to accelerate the creation and maintenance of virtual teams.
1.3Research questions and (if any) research hypothesis
In line with the Research Aim and Objectives, the thesis will attempt to answer the questions: What leadership factors influence virtual team development and performance? How can these leadership factors be changed in order to enhance virtual team development and performance?
Consequently, the thesis will investigate the relationships between team development and performance, based on different leadership factors, in order to identify leadership characteristics which promote success within the virtual team environment, and those which hinder its optimal performance.
1.4Research main motivations
The advancements in the field of communication and technology, as well as the need to remain competitive, have been influential factors towards the accelerated use of virtual teams in researcher’s organization. This has resulted in a situation where project managers who have traditionally lead face to face project teams are now submerged in an environment where project delivery is conducted through the virtual environment.
Bell & Kozlowski (2002) have noted that leadership within a virtual team can be a disruptive transition that requires a change from the leadership style used in traditional teams. As such, it is the researcher’s intent to explore the leadership challenges involved in virtual teams so as to optimize its use and thus lead to suggestions that can be employed by the researcher’s organization to improve its competitive performance.
1.5Research justification
Although there is the general understanding by researchers that a change in the leadership style is required when project managers lead virtualteams, Kahai et al. (2007, p3) explain that there are “relatively few studies” which investigated leadership within the virtual team setting.
Thus it is expected that the researcher will engage with members of his organization’s Project Management Department and Engineering Department, both locally and abroad, as well as with members that comprise the organization’s customers, in order to conduct research from the perspective of the telecommunication vendor as well as from the telecommunication operator.
Therefore it is anticipated that this research can be used to increase the knowledge of the leadership factors that can lead to increased project management leadership success in the virtual environment.
Essay number2 need about 200 words reply to this essay helping student in his proposal dissertation. Please provide this student some help.
Aim, objectives and feasibility of the dissertation (first draft required in Week 2 of RM module)
Organizations are no longer expected to seek production of products to consumers and increase their profits through supply chains as satisfactory performance and conduct, they are now held accountable for their actions and their consequences. Issues concerned with the environment, health, safety, pollution, working conditions, child labor are some of the major issues being addressed to companies and affecting their brand names and public image. This is defined asCorporate Social Responsibility (CSR) (Walker & Jones 2012). An in-depth understanding of what CSR is and the circumstances that have brought its importance to organizations particularly retailers across the various specializations will assist in better understanding the core purpose of its emergence as well as the criteria upon which an organization can claim itself to be socially conscious and dedicated through philosophy, processes, performance and outcomes.
Supply chain management is concerned with using raw materials to create the necessary products and services to provide and satisfy the customer and end-users’ needs and requirements. Raw materials and their nature as well as their existence present some of the important aspects in the supply chain and the effect of CSR on it. Also as market trends and consumers behavior, awareness and education change, so do their perception of what is regarded as quality and efficient as well as what is not. Global manufacturers are changing constantly and dispersing all over the globe with locations in China and India, and have to incorporate issues like quality control and evaluation in their supply chain management cycle. There is no one best fit or “one size fit all” in supply chain management(Walker & Jones 2012)., indeed(CSR) follows course and has been implemented in various ways depending on nature of industry and supply chain as well as focus and philosophy both internally in an organization as well as externally, this is an issue that will require attention and emphasis.
To gain a thorough and full understanding of the various methods in which organizations in the retail industry, with emphasis on consumer and furniture retailers, have approached, introduced, incorporated and maintained(CSR) in their organization and supply chain. Research includes study of the process on adopted organizational mission, vision, philosophy, management acceptance, stakeholder participation and accountability on processes that include managers, employees, suppliers, partnersand customers both internally and externally(Green&Peloza2011).
The Research questions/ hypotheses
Some researchers have claimed that CSR in general and CSR in supply chains in particular are non-applicable yielding minimal results in comparison to their theoretical aspirations and noble intentions. This is supported by case studies and observations. However there are significant case studies which support the phenomena and highlight the success of many international brands, located within varying industries, and their ability to apply values, beliefs and processes within set time limits and have achieved recognizable outcomes. This brings attention to how applicable is CSR and if some industries are more successful than others (Jones et al. 2006).An analysis of the philosophies and processes used by organizations, which have shown clear commitment to incorporating CSR in the supply chain and successful outcomes, will base the case study in this dissertation. Some of these organizations include IKEA and Marks and Spencer (Andersen & Skjoett-Larsen. 2009) (Grayson. 2011).
Research Objectives Include
A study of the complete process of implementing CSR in the supply chain with focus on how upper management adopts the concept and pledges to give full support and dedication to the progression and development, how is the philosophy presented and embraced and by whom. What are the levels and processes by which the implementation process takes place and how much involvement is there from employees, staff, suppliers and customers both internally and externally in the organization? (Castka & Balzarova 2008)What are the criteria used to evaluate success or completion of a particular stage or level and how is CSR overall value and outcome assessed. Introductionof a principled cause, promising positive impact on a number of levels. While giving considerable consideration to social causes, inviting involvement from bottom up as well as top down may be effortlessly endorsed at first with many enthusiastic supporters,but howare processes sustained and what arethe standards and measures used for this upkeep making the entire processes achievable and feasible, motivating consistency.
Feasibility of the study
The author has the privilege circumstance of being an employee at such a similar organization in furniture retail which has bravely incorporated CSR in its core values, mission and vision both internally and externally. It is therefore very applicable to build on the available knowledge from research as well as practical day to day exposure and experience to relate and comprehend the various processes and philosophies that various organizations have used to approach this emerging concept and sincerely invest a strong focus on its attainability.
Andersen,M. & Skjoett-Larsen,T. (2009) ‘Corporate social responsibility in global supply chains’,Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, Vol. 14 Iss: 2, pp.75 – 86 [online] Available from:http://www.emeraldinsight.com.ezproxy.liv.ac.uk/journals.htm?issn=1359-8546&volume=14&issue=2&articleid=1776257(Accessed: 13thOctober 2013).
Castka,P. & Balzarova,M.A (2008) "Adoption of social responsibility through the expansion of existing management systems", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 108 Iss: 3, pp.297 – 309. [Online] Available from:http://www.emeraldinsight.com.ezproxy.liv.ac.uk/journals.htm?issn=0263-5577&volume=108&issue=3&articleid=1717822
(Accessed: 13thOctober 2013).
Grayson,D. (2011)‘Embedding corporate responsibility and sustainability: Marks & Spencer’, Journal of Management Development, Vol. 30 Iss: 10, pp.1017 – 1026. [Online] Available from:http://www.emeraldinsight.com.ezproxy.liv.ac.uk/journals.htm?issn=0262-1711&volume=30&issue=10&articleid=1958825(Accessed: 8THOctober 2013)
Green, T & Peloza, J (2011) "How does corporate social responsibility create value for consumers?", Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 28 Iss: 1, pp.48 – 56. [Online] Available from:http://www.emeraldinsight.com.ezproxy.liv.ac.uk/journals.htm?issn=0736-3761&volume=28&issue=1&articleid=1905614
(Accessed: 13thOctober 2013).
Jones,P., Comfort,C & Hillier,D. (2006) ‘Corporate social responsibility and the UK construction industry’,Journal of Corporate Real Estate, Vol. 8 Iss: 3, pp.134 – 150. [Online] Available from:http://www.emeraldinsight.com.ezproxy.liv.ac.uk/journals.htm?issn=1463-001X&volume=8&issue=3&articleid=1573086
(Accessed: 15THOctober 2013)
Neergaard,P & Pedersen,E.R (2005) "Expanding the Concept of Quality Management to Global Supply Chains", Asian Journal on Quality, Vol. 6 Iss: 1, pp.98 – 108 [Online] Available from:http://www.emeraldinsight.com.ezproxy.liv.ac.uk/journals.htm?issn=1598-2688&volume=6&issue=1&articleid=1907139
(Accessed: 13thOctober 2013).
Walker,H. & Jones,N. (2012) ‘Sustainable supply chain management across the UK private sector’,Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, Vol. 17 Iss: 1, pp.15 – 28. [Online] Available from:
(Accessed: 13thOctober 2013).
Reply to these 2 essay in separate and separate references for each one helping student in his proposal dissertation. Please provide this student some help.
PLEASE WRITE THIS ASSIGNMET ON DEPTH (GENERAL WRITING IS NOT ACCEPTABLE). Referencing (in text citation) should be evident in the discussions. You MUST use author name and page number on essay while writing. Like this (Kaplan,2006 p.24). should be evident in the discussions.
Need at least 3 References for each essay (INCLUDE MY FILES ATTACHED. Please use Harvard style.
Referencing (in text citation) should be evident in the discussions.
Your writing should not submitted before to any others colleges.


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