LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS REPORT
Interview an ESOL student for speech analysis. You must record this interview and transcribe it as you hear it (with errors). The person you select should be at the level of intermediate fluency. You should not get a beginner because your learner may not say very much, or an advanced learner because you may not have many errors to analyze.
1. Explain to the person that you are working on a project (without being specific as to the object of your study to avoid unnatural speech.) 2. Some interviewees might be afraid to talk and others might talk artificially. If this is the case, just thank them and find somebody else. 3. Make sure the student feels comfortable. Tell him/her that this is not a test, but rather an opportunity for you to record a language sample. 4. Get consent from your speaker to record the conversation and ask him/her to state this consent on the interview. 5. This must be a real 2-3 minute interview. 6. After recording the interview, you must analyze the speech for errors of phonology, morphology, syntax and lexicon. 7. Write a report on your findings (5 pages, double-spaced, font 12) Here are some questions you may want to ask your interviewee:
What do you like/dislike most about school or job? 2. Tell me about your family or your job 3. Tell me about the country where you were born. 4. Tell me about what you like and what you dislike about the United States.
Observe the following aspects of the speech of your speaker and report your observations. • Do you find errors in his or her speech that could be attributed to transfer from the native language? • Do you find errors that could be developmental? • Observe the pronunciation (Phonology) and report errors • observe the grammar (Syntax and Morphology) and report errors • observe the word choice (Lexicon) and report errors • observe the intonation and overall appropriateness of his or her speech.
Here are two examples of how you should analyze an error:
Grammatical area Sample error Description Analysis Syntax Is good Omission Interference from Spanish (subject may be omitted) Morphology I taked it Substitution Developmental (substituted the regular ed for the irregular form took)
Analyze the speech sample and say if you consider that he/she speaks English at the level that you would expect considering his/her language learning background. If your answer is affirmative, to what do you attribute the speaker’s success? If your answer is no, what do you think could have hindered the learner’s progress in English?
Finally, discuss the implications of your findings in terms of your own teaching.
You can use a smart phone or a tablet to record the interview. If you cannot use a smart phone or tablet, you will need a computer and a microphone. In this case, you may use Audacity (press the Control key and click on the underlined word to download the program for free.) After you download the program, you can proceed to record the interview.