Hyperactive bowel sounds to auscultation

Case Study:

For the case study section only:  Please only provide short answers for the case study  No more than 2 sentence response. Answer all the questions in all case study scenarios.

Case Study # 1

Jordan is a 9-year-old boy who is a direct admit for observation. He has had a history of vomiting and diarrhea for 48 hours.

Subjective Data

Has a history of nausea and vomiting for 24 hours.

Has not voided today.

Is unable to tolerate oral fluids.

Objective Data

Vital signs: temp, 37.8º C; pulse, 120 bpm; resp, 24 breaths/min; blood pressure, 110/60 mm Hg

Weight: 34 kg

Hyperactive bowel sounds to auscultation


  1. When should the discharge teaching begin for Jordan and his family?
  2. What is the best way to approach Jordan regarding the intravenous (IV) line that has been ordered?
  3. What would be good distractions for a child of Jordan’s age?

Case Study #2

Susan is a 4-year-old girl with a 7-day history of fever and lethargy. Susan’s physician has ordered laboratory work that includes a blood culture.

Subjective Data

Susan has had fever for 1 week.

Her mother has noticed a decreased activity level.

Susan states she is “afraid” of needles.

Objective Data

Weight: 26.1 kg

Vital signs: temp, 39.3º C; pulse, 110 bpm; resp, 40 breaths/min; blood pressure, 108/54 mm Hg; oxygen saturation (O2 sat) 100%

No abnormal findings on physical examination


  1. When should Susan’s nurse explain the procedure to her?
  2. To give Susan some control over this situation, what choices could be given to her?
  3. What actions should the nurse take in this clinical situation? Prioritize the actions.

Discussion Topic: What is the Perez reflex? Why is it important to know how to elicit it? Discuss the use of the Perez reflex in collecting urine specimens from infants.



  • Post the initial response to each discussion by Wednesday11:59 pm, EST.  A zero will be given for late submissions.
  • Initial responses should be no less than 200 words and include citations from at least two credible sources, One being your textbook. ( Perry, S. E., Hockenberry, M. J., Lowdermilk, D. L., & Wilson, D. (2018). Maternal Child Nursing Care (6th ed.). St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier.)
  • Initial responses are to be original in content and demonstrate a thorough analysis of the topic


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