Introduction to the Law

Introduction to the Law

A. Almost every significant Old Testament idea is introduced in the Law (Torah)

B. Torah – Hebrew for “instruction” (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy)

C. Two Types of Law

1. Command

2. Case

D. Different kind of instruction: Genesis 1 – Exodus 19

E. The Author of the Law: Moses

F. The Audience of the Law: first Israel, later all the other nations

II. Genesis

A. Main Points:

1. God creates the world and puts humans in charge of it

2. Humans sin and ruin themselves and the world

3. God judges humans for their sin

4. God makes a plan to save the world

5. God begins to carry out the plan to save the world

6. Defines the people of God’s Kingdom

B. Outline

1. Genesis 1:1 – 11:9 – Creation and Sin

2. Genesis 11:10 – 25:18 – Salvation Plan and Abraham

3. Genesis 25:19 – 36:43 – Isaac, Jacob, and the twelve sons of Jacob

4. Genesis 37 – 50 – Joseph and Judah

C. Contents of Genesis

1. The Creation of the World (1 – 2)

i. Are the creation stories of Genesis science?

ii. Two stories of creation. Why?

a. Two views of God

b. Two views of humans

c. Two views of the world

d. Two views of evil

2. The Fall into Sin (3)

i. What is sin?

3. Effects of Sin on the Human Race (4 – 6)

i. Sin begins to spread

ii. The key text: Gen. 6:5 –

iii. God judges the human race for sin by the flood (6-9)

iv. God saves Noah and his family

4. God makes Covenant never to destroy the earth (9:11)

5. Humans again Rebel at the Tower of Babel (11:1-9)

i. What was the people’s problem?

ii. What was God judgement?

6. The Call of Abraham (11:10 – 12:9)

i. Reveals the God’s plan of saving the world Abraham Israel World

7. Abraham’s Struggle for Faith (12:10 – 25:18)

8. Isaac: The Promise Continues (25:19 – 26:35)

9. Jacob: The thief who became a giant of faith (27 – 36)

10. Joseph and Judah: The foundation of the nation of Israel (37 – 50)

11. Summary and Looking Ahead

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