Wk 3 Role of Public Health Professional in Policy and Advocacy

Wk 3 Role of Public Health Professional in Policy and Advocacy


Please note that each and every assignment has its own word limit.


Systems thinking approach vs. Strategic planning approach

A system thinking approach focuses on viewing the system’s overall structure from a broad perspective, including the systems configurations and sequences, rather than looking at the issues from a narrow or specific point of view. This broad perspective allows the public health leaders to develop adequate skills to take the initiative and lead in a culturally and economically diverse community.

The system-based approach has four elements, and they are people, systems, design, and risk. The people factor focuses on the interaction among people working together to complete a task. The system factor focuses on addressing any complex issues that might arrive during the task, and the design factor focuses on identifying the problems and finding a solution. Lastly, the risk factor focuses on identifying what issues can arise and addressing such issues through identification, assessment, and management (Clarkson et al., 2018; Rowitz,2014). Therefore, a real-world example is a nursing home declining residency, where the nursing home staff and managers used the system thinking approach to investigate the issues. After investigation, they found that lack of interaction and activities with the residents led to the decline. Therefore, they worked on finding a solution by asking the previous and current residents what type of interactions and activities they would like. Afterward, the nursing home staff implemented those new solutions that solved the problem, and the population began to increase.

A strategic planning approach helps stakeholders identify a goal by creating a plan and allowing stakeholders to allocate information, provide funding and resources to achieve a successful outcome (Rowitz,2014). A real-world example of applying the strategic planning approach is addressing the prevalence rate of type two diabetes in underserved communities. Therefore, stakeholders of these communities and public health officials will collaborate to reduce the prevalence rate of diabetes in this community by implementing policies and creating intervention programs and providing funding and resources towards the intervention.


Systems thinking approach and strategic planning approach interchangeable aspect


The strategic planning approach and system thinking approach are not interchangeable because the system thinking approach focuses on the broader picture and system. For example, it focuses on getting different parts of the system to work together to get an outcome. In comparison, the strategic planning approach focuses on a specific topic or issue and finds a solution for that particular issue. However, although they are not interchangeable, the two processes rely on each other. For example, the strategic planning approach cannot be utilized until an understanding of the system is achieved. Once that understanding of the system is accomplished, then a strategy can be developed (Rowitz,2014; Clarkson et al., 2018).


Systems thinking approach vs. Strategic planning approach similarities and differences


A system-based approach increases productivity, is cost-effective, holistic processing, and requires communication and engagement. In comparison, a strategic planning approach is costly, time-consuming, complex processing, increases creativity, and identifies and manages risk. However, both system requires engagement and communication of stakeholders and focusing on the outcome (Rowitz,2014; Clarkson et al., 2018).





Clarkson, J., Dean, J., Ward, J., Komashie, A., & Bashford, T. (2018). A system approach to healthcare from thinking to practice. Future Healthcare Journal, 5(3), 151-155. Doi: 10.7861/futurehosp.5-3-151

Rowitz, L. (2014). Public health leadership: Putting principles into practice (3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning.


Respond to the bold paragraph ABOVE by using one of the option below… in APA format with At least two references and a minimum of 200 words….. .(The List of References should not be older than 2016 and should not be included in the word count.) Include at least one scholarly reference and appropriate in-text citations and Address all points on the DQ. One point will be deducted for not addressing each item mentioned above.





  • Ask a probing question.
  • Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
  • Offer and support an opinion.




  • Validate an idea with your own experience.
  • Make a suggestion.
  • Expand on your colleague’s posting.







Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.

It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the context of ethics and the readings for this class


To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the word/page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create subheadings to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.




American Psychological Association. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th Ed.). Washington, DC: Author.


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