On p. 161 in the Fagles translation (ll. 1396 ff.), Clytemnestra explains to the Chorus why she killed Agamemnon. While she now makes her meaning explicit (as opposed to her ironic speech earlier in the play), she still uses an abundance of metaphors and imagery. In ll. 1410-1415, she describes the emotional experience of vengeance: how does her description reveal both the appeal of taking vengeance as well as its spiritual cost?
In ll. 1294-1299 (p. 155 in the Fagles translation), Aeschylus compares Cassandra to what other character? What’s the point of this comparison? Also, reflect on the religious experience of the ancient Greeks: what it must have been like to believe in gods like Artemis and Apollo?
Compare ll. 1189-1194 (p. 150 in the Fagles translation) with ll. 957-963 (p. 140). Both passages refer to the cycle of vengeance; how does Aeschylus connect these passages through imagery? What specific images does Aeschylus use to describe the consequences of retributive “justice”? Look in particular for images that invert the normally positive ideas of celebration, abundance, and natural growth/new life.