Public Health Issues

Public Health Issues

Prevention of Measles

[Student Name]

Introduction to Public Health

DIRECTIONS: Anything in [ ] is for you to fill in with information related to your chosen issue/problem. Remove the brackets after filling in the information.


Background (Milestone One)

Measles is one of the most contagious diseases in the world which should be fought to reduce deaths..

Measles is easily transmitted by coughing and sneezing.

Symptoms include red watery eyes, red spots on skin and runny nose (CDC, 2021).

Measles causes pneumonia, brain damage, deafness and death.

Anyone unvaccinated can easily contract measles.

Measles victims in US are still many majorly due to travelling to affected countries (CDC, 2021).

Measles remain to be among the most contagious diseases around the world. Most of the countries have been able to fight measles by vaccinating their population. However, there are countries which are yet to get off the disease Measles is easily transmitted from an infected person to a healthy person when they cough or sneeze. The main symptoms of a measles patient include having red watery eyes, red spots all over the body and having a runny nose. Measles is very dangerous and it easily causes death and other diseases like pneumonia, brain damage and deafness. If a person is not vaccinated, they can easily contract measles. The number of measles victims in the US has reduced over the years but the number is still high. In 2019, US recorded about 1282 cases of measles, all of which were related to travel (CDC, 2021). Measles vaccination started in US in the year 1963. Before 1963, over 4 million people were being diagnosed with measles every year (Patel et al., 2020).


Background (Milestone One)

Global vaccination is key to prevention of measles around the world.

The young people are at high risk of measles infection.

Children should be vaccinated at 12 to 15 months for the first dose and at 4 to 6 years for second dose (Patel et al., 2020).

Vaccination reduce the cost of management and creates a healthy community.

The vaccination aims at achieving a measles free population.

To protect others whom one comes to contact with.


Vaccination is a key intervention which the CBC recommends for the prevention and reduction of cases of measles in the world. Children and the young people at a high risk of contracting measles if not vaccinated. Vaccination is administered to children in two phases, between 12 months and 15 months for the first dose and between four to six years for the second dose (Patel et al., 2020). There is no cure for measles and it is only possible to manage the symptoms which is costly. As a result, getting vaccinated easily reduces the cost of maintenance and maintains a healthy community. The main goals of the vaccination drive is to achieve a measles free world and to protect healthy people from contracting the disease.


Who, What, Where, Why, and When (Milestone Two)

[Patterns (provide DATA/GRAPHS):]





[Speaker notes: Introduce this section here, what are you seeing and why is it relevant? Why is it happening? Who is affected? Where? When?]


You can add additional slides to include graphs or tables to visualize the size and trend of the issue/problem.


Who, What, Where, Why, and When (Milestone Two)

[Social Determinants:]


[Known Disparities:]

[Speaker notes: continue with explaining who and examining the impact – – see rubric for details.]




CDC. (2021). Disease or Condition of the Week: Measles.

Patel, M. K., Goodson, J. L., Alexander Jr, J. P., Kretsinger, K., Sodha, S. V., Steulet, C., … & Crowcroft, N. S. (2020). Progress toward regional measles elimination—worldwide, 2000–2019. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69(45), 1700. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6945a6

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