Write a 5 pages paper on neurological mechanism involved in fear conditioning. Neural mechanisms involved in fear conditioning have been studied extensively ever since fear conditioning was developed. An understanding of the complex mechanisms of the neural circuits has helped scientists and psychotherapists to develop different and more accurate methods of dealing with fear and anxiety-related problems in humans. However, psychotherapeutic interventions require a deeper understanding of neurological, molecular as well as genetic mechanisms involved in fear conditioning. The present discussion focuses on the neurological mechanism involved in fear conditioning, from animal and human perspectives.
Fear is an emotion resulting in increased anxiety and disturbance due to the expectation of an assumed hazard and can occur at any time and to anybody depending upon the situation that can cause some kind of harm to the individual/animal. This emotion is experienced by every living organism based on previous experiences. These one-time experiences tend to create a specific perception that is retained for longer periods. similar emotions recur when the individual/animal encounters a similar situation even without experiencing any harm or injury in subsequent encounters. In the sense, the individual/animal has got conditioned to the situation in such a manner that the perception elicits same emotions again and again. Such conditioning to situation that elicits fear is termed as fear conditioning. Fear conditioning was developed from the concept of classical conditioning, a behaviour response shown by animals and human beings, which was first recognized by Ivan Pavlov in the behaviour science (Taylor, 2006. 60). Achieving behavioral changes through classical conditioning requires active and willing participation by the individual, and hence may not be applicable in all conditions requiring .behavioral change.